libosunray 发表于 2007-5-16 11:09:00

[原创]无线抄表系统(实时控阀,实现阶梯水价,采集器电池供电)

<p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 8.9pt; TEXT-INDENT: 27pt; mso-para-margin-left: .85gd; mso-char-indent-count: 1.93;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">目前在我国大多数地区户用能源计量管理多采用传统的人工抄表、收费定期结算的管理模式,经常出现用水、电、气、热收费困难、纠纷、欠费等问题,</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">给用户带来很多麻烦,给抄表人员带来烦恼。</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">人工抄表<span lang="EN-US">-----</span>计费<span lang="EN-US">-----</span>催费管理模式,只能适应城市人口相对较少的情况,而随着城市人口及高层建筑的增加,人工抄表工作量日益增大,管理费用逐步增加,很容易出现漏抄、少抄或欠费等现象。同时基于传统机械计量表具而建立的传统管理模式,已阻碍了行业的发展,同时表现出管理效率低,社会效益差等问题。</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">特别是伴随着人民生活水平的提高及小区物业管理的发展,分时段收费的需求已逐渐提到日程上来。因此智能户外抄表呼声越来越高。尤其对高层、高档居住小区,智能户外抄表是非常必要的,传统抄表方式已经不能适应今后住宅的发展要求。随着电子技术、传感技术、自动控制技术、计算机技术和通讯技术的发展,智能户外抄表系统已经开发出不少产品。</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">随着电子信息产业的飞速发展,人民生活水平的不断提高,实现自来水收费管理的电子化、信息化和网络化已成为可能。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 8.9pt; TEXT-INDENT: 27pt; mso-para-margin-left: .85gd; mso-char-indent-count: 1.93;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">为适应当前市场和政策的形势,我公司推出的一种有效、高效率的管理模式<span lang="EN-US">——</span><b>无线实时远传抄表系统<span lang="EN-US">.<p></p></span></b></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 28pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">国内抄表系统无线表具的传输方式大多是以双向通信的问答方式为主,即在表具端安装一个双向微功率无线数传模块,集中器定时向表具终端发送釆访指令,当表具终端收到集中器发来的指令时,就将表具端的数据、防拆、防剪、磁扰等抄表数据发送到集中器,集中器再通过</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">M-BUS</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">或手抄器等载体传输给计算机管理中心。这样的系统有几个缺点:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">1</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、系统成本高,因为采用双向微功率数传模块作为无线通信传输,造成系统中既要有发射部分又要有接收部分电路,从而增加了系统成本。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">2</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、平均供耗大于</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">100uA, </font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">系统功耗大,因为系统采用双向通信所以系统必须常常处在接收状态而不能休眠,所以系统功耗就大,不适用于电池供电场合,局限了应用范围。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">3</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、通信可靠性差,因为集中器经常要向终端(表计)发送指令导致通信数据量大,常常会因为空中有很多数据在进行通信造成无线同频干扰,不能正常工作。目前都在探索一种更好的解决方式。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 28pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 24pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">上海桑锐电子科技有限公司为适应市场需求,己自行研发了一种</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">无线远程双向实时抄表</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">系统。</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">它包括</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">由电池供电的无线远传带阀控采集终端、中继器、小区集中器、手抄器及电脑管理中心等组件。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 14pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 24pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">一、主要性能简介:<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 24pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.28; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; tab-stops: list 66.0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">、自动计量无线采集终端釆</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">用电池供电,满足</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman"> 20uA </font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">低功耗可使用年限</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman"> 8 </font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">年要求,开阔地通信距离大于</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman"><br/>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</font><chmetcnv unitname="米" sourcevalue="600" hasspace="True" negative="False" numbertype="1" tcsc="0" wst="on"></chmetcnv><font face="Times New Roman">600 </font><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;"><span lang="EN-US">米</span></span><chmetcnv></chmetcnv><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">;</span><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 24pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.28; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; tab-stops: list 36.0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">2</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">、表具</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">采集数字信息并自动</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">累计进入终端的内存中</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">,同时检查电源、防拆、防剪、磁扰等表具参数,根据管理中心的指令,可实时开、关</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">阀控水源</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">;实现阶梯水价。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.28; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; tab-stops: 18.0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">3</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">、终端的通讯机构平时处于休眠状态</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">,</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">只有在被实时</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">唤醒时才会无线传送信息。</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">终端在进入休眠状态时,保证</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">低功耗;唤醒功能使</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">终端立即进入工作状态,改变以往双向工作方式的耗能现象。为使用电池、不用市电工作提供了可能。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.28; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; tab-stops: 27.0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">4</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">、</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">集中器对自身数据库中来自无线远传采集</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">终端的</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">数据进行相应处理(定时冻结表具计量数据、实时抄取表具计量数据以及满足阶梯计量计价等)后,通过</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">GPRS</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">传输给远程数据管理中心;也可经无线传输将数据抄取到手抄器中,然后再导入管理中心的电脑系统。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; tab-stops: 27.0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">5</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman"><br/>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">由于采集</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">终端的通讯距离有限,水表的安放位置是分散的,就可能产生个别水表处于通讯死角,可通过</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">集中器的中继路由功能进行续传;也可利用</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">无线釆集</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">终端与终端之间彼此递传信息和数据的续传功能来解决。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.5; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; tab-stops: 27.0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">6</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、手抄器经无线传输抄取集中器的数据,也可直接经无线传输抄取表具终端数据,克服市场上有些釆用红外线读数引起的光干扰影响。不进屋就抄表,真正做到抄表不入户。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 0.05pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.28; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; tab-stops: 27.0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">7</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、远程数据管理中心通过</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">GPRS</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">(通用无线分组业务的高速数据处理)将指令传输到集中器,实时唤醒各终端,唤醒的各</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">终端</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">通过无线传输方式,将各自表具的</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">计量数据和表具参数无线传输给</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">集中器,集中器再经</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">GPRS</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">传输给管理中心;我们也可用无线传输方式将数据直接抄取到手抄器中,然后再经</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">RS-232</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">将手抄器中抄取到的数据导入管理中心的电脑里。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.28; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; tab-stops: 0cm;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">8</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、经无线传输方式,手抄器在现场可直接唤醒各终端并抄取各表具的</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">计量数据;无线釆集</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">终端与终端之间,也具有中继功能,即彼此可递传信息和数据。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 28pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">系统中的单片机选用美国爱特梅尔(</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman"> Atmel </font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">)公司的</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman"> 8 </font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">位单片机</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman"> Atmega48</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">Atmega88</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">以及</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">Atmega168</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">等,无线通信芯片选用德州</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(Texas)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">公司的高性能无线通信芯片</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">CC1100</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">,</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">CC1020</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">等;无线通信电路选用高性能,高增益无线通信</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman"><br/>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span lang="EN-US">П </span></font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">型滤波电路。电源芯片选用国外高性能电源芯片。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 1.28; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">二、安装步骤:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 1.28; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">系统安装前,请先浏览一下我们画的一张系统方框图。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-family: 宋体;"><span style="mso-list: Ignore;">1、<span style="FONT: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">无线采集终端与表具的安装:根据社区直接用户的需求和业主委员会的意见,决定表具和终端的型号<span lang="EN-US">(SR-8001)</span>和性能。如带不带阀控功能等等。<span lang="EN-US"><p></p></span></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.8pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-char-indent-count: 1.27; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">2</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">、根据社区的地形、房型及位置等因素,综合考虑</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">集中器</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(SR-168)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">的安装</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">位置和</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">数量,尽量满足集中器能釆集到它所管辖的全部表具。安装</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">位置能避免日晒雨淋为佳,如安装在大楼的走廊、楼梯间小孩掽不到的地方等。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 17.9pt; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.28; mso-line-height-rule: exactly; tab-stops: 0cm;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">3</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、极个别的特殊用户,可考虑通过</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">无线采集终端与无线采集终端之间的</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">续传功能来递传信息和数据。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 17.9pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0cm; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">4</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、社区范围较大时,可通过增设小区集中器</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(SR-188)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">与中继器的无线联接,达到较大社区全覆盖的釆集。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 17.9pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0cm; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">5</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、设定集中器</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">的</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">数据处理功能:如定时冻结表具计量数据、实时抄取表具计量数据以及满足阶梯计量计价等功能。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 17.9pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0cm; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">6</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、架设小区集中器(或中继器)与远程数据管理中心之间的传输线</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">M-BUS</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><p></p></span></p><p></p><p></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent" align="left" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 17.9pt; TEXT-INDENT: 0cm; LINE-HEIGHT: 23pt; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-line-height-rule: exactly;"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">7</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">、经无线传输方式,抄表员在现场可直接用手抄器</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(SR-8821)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">唤醒指定终端并抄取相应表具的</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体;">计量数据;也</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">用手抄器抄取集中器存储的数据串。</span></p>
[此贴子已经被作者于2007-5-16 11:13:16编辑过]

zhangyagang 发表于 2007-5-16 12:46:00

<p>还可以,支持一下!</p>

libosunray 发表于 2012-11-7 10:19:00

多年不上论坛了,上来看看

dinghaitao 发表于 2012-11-27 21:57:00

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查看完整版本: [原创]无线抄表系统(实时控阀,实现阶梯水价,采集器电池供电)